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【学术报告】王苗博士生:The consequences of industrial restructuring, regional balanced development, and market-oriented reform for China's carbon dioxide emissions

文章来源:行政办公室 作者:周钰涵 张国兴 审核:刘亚军 发布时间:2022年05月31日 点击数: 次 字号:【

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报告题目:The consequences of industrial restructuring, regional balanced development, and market-oriented reform for China's carbon dioxide emissions

主 持 人:杨光磊? 萃英博士后

报 告 人:王苗 ???博士生

报告时间:2022年6月1日(周三)晚上19:30-21:30

报告地点:腾讯会议 (会议ID:454-655-745)

报告简介:

The Chinese government has taken measures to realize energy-savings and emission reductions, such as promoting innovations, adjusting the industrial structure, balancing regional development, and reforming markets. The aim of this paper is to assess the effects of these measures on China’s CO2 emissions by using a newly proposed decomposition approach, which identified eight new factors related to the above realistic measures, i.e., energy saving and production technologies, industrial energy and production efficiencies, regional energy and production efficiencies, and pure energy and production efficiencies. The main findings indicate benefits from considerable technological progress in energy-saving and production during 2000-2016 period, and two technological factors contributed the most to emissions abatement and cumulatively reduced 5372.43 Mt and 1291.72 Mt CO2 emissions. The efforts of industrial restructuring promoted energy and production efficiency improvement, which further facilitated emission reduction. In contrast, the pure energy and production efficiency changes cumulatively led to 1080.26 Mt and 1135.85 Mt CO2 emissions growth during the whole sample period, suggesting that severe resource misallocation problems may exist in both the energy market and output market. Additionally, the Chinese government failed to narrow the technology gap between developed regions and underdeveloped regions, further restricting emission reduction.

新世纪以来,中国政府采取了一系列措施,如促进创新、优化产业结构、均衡区域发展、市场化改革等,以实现节能减排目标。然而,这些节能减排措施的效果如何,在区域之间有何异质性?为了回答以上问题,本研究将空间异质性和产业异质性同时纳入分析框架,通过整合Kaya恒等式、全局方向距离函数、对数均值迪氏分解法和生产理论模型,来识别产业结构调整、区域平衡发展、市场化改革与技术变化对中国节能减排的影响。

报告人简介:

王苗,女,本科和硕士毕业于中南大学,博士就读于厦门大学,2022年6月毕业。主要从事资源与环境管理、公共政策评估等方向的研究,多项研究成果以第一作者(包含导师一作学生二作)发表在Technological Forecasting and Social Change、Energy Economics、Journal of Environmental Management、Resources Policy、Structural Change and Economic Dynamics、Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews、Applied Energy等期刊,论文累计被引用1700多次,参与多项国家课题。

【代表性科研成果】

[1] Wang M, Feng C*, 2022. Tracking the inequalities of global per capita carbon emissions from perspectives of technological and economic gaps, Journal of Environmental Management, 315, 115144.

[2] Lin B*, Wang M, 2021. What drives energy intensity fall in China? Evidence from a meta-frontier approach. Applied Energy, 281, 116034.

[3] Wang M, Feng C*, 2021. The win-win ability of environmental protection and economic development during China's transition. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 166, 120617.

[4] Lin B*, Wang M, 2021. The role of socio-economic factors in China's CO2 emissions from production activities. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 27, 217-227.

[5] Wang M, Feng C*, 2021. The consequences of industrial restructuring, regional balanced development, and market-oriented reform for China's carbon dioxide emissions: A multi-tier meta-frontier DEA-based decomposition analysis. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 164, 120507.

[6] Lin B*, Wang M, 2019. Possibilities of decoupling for China’s energy consumption from economic growth: A temporal-spatial analysis. Energy, 185, 951-960.

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